A Poetics
Armen Avanessian
Anke Hennig
Content Drucken


Chapter Overview

Methodology (material, phenomenon, object)

Fiction Theory and Narratology

Asynchronous time-poetics


I The Present Tense Novel

Precondition: Classical Narrational Fiction and Discourse

Classical Examples

Modernity: The Emergence of the Present-Tense Novel

Transition I: The Break with Fiction

Transition II: The Break with Narrativity

Eroding the Matrix of Narrational Fiction

The Transition to Present-Tense Narration

How does the present tense get access to the fabula?

How does the present tense fictionalize?

Linguistics of the (Historical) Present Tense

Altermodernity: The shift to the present tense of the past

Fictional Present Tense

Narrative Present Tense


II Readings in Method

  1. Phenomenological Findings

Non-concurrent present or future narration

Staggered Past or Zero Poles

  1. Review of the approaches to understanding time in narratology and fiction theory

Narratological Reviews: Gérard Genette

Fictional Theoretical Review: Käte Hamburger

  1. Deixis

Dynamics of Space-Deixis and Time-Deixis

Deixis and Tense

Deitic Shifts

Combining Narratology, Fiction Theory, and Deixis Theory

Establishing of the spatial-temporal-personal dynamic of shifting in fiction-narratology


III The Imaginary Present tense

The Present Tense of the Interior Monologue

Pathographies of Fiction

E.T.A. Hoffmann’s Fictional Breakthrough to the Imaginary Present Tense

Gogol’s Imaginary Time-Fuse or “Date None”


Three Forms of Literary Delusion, or the Loss of Differentiation


Tense confusion–Strindberg’s indistinguishable present tense of delusion

The Time-forms of Fiction and Imaginary


IV Tense Philosophy

Philosophy of Time

The formation of time by language: Gustave Guillaume

Narrative Chronogenesis and Mirror Stages of Narrational Fiction

Literary Knowledge


Asynchronous Synthesis (Deleuze)


Epilogue – Why Poetics?

I. Objections

II. Experimental Poetics=Science (of con-temporary) fiction